Category Archives: Educational Health

First Nations, Metis, and Western Medicine… Advancements that save lives!

Hi Little Leaders!

Welcome to our new unit, medical advancements that have influenced our health today! What do you know about First Nations medicines already? What about Metis medicines? Finally, what do you know about Western medical advancements? All are important!

Here’s my breakdown:

There are many things that people need help with. Emotional help, mental health, spiritual health, and physical health.

Let’s talk about a few here:

Tobacco, sage, cedar, and sweetgrass:


These four are used for smudging. Smudging is something performed by the First Nations people to cleanse people and areas of bad energy and “evil”. This medicine would benefit the mind. Great for depression and anxiety.

Rose hips and wild roses:

First Nations traditions believe bathing in rose petals will protect their spirit and heart after losing a loved one. This is then believed to be for mental health and spiritual health.


First Nations medicine promotes that dandelion leaves and stems support the liver and bile productions. The milky sap is used as a mosquito repellent.


This plant is considered one of the oldest plants on the planet. The plant can be prepared in a tea to treat kidney and urinary tract problems.


Diabetes is a disease where a person’s sugar in the body is irregular. This means that the person has to check their sugar levels all the time! But Western scientists discovered that they could inject insulin into the body to regulate it, and let people with diabetes live a normal life.

Antiretroviral Therapy (ART):

HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system and makes people so weak that they can die from a simple cold or small infection. If it isn’t treated it can turn into AIDS… once a person has AIDS, they’re immune system is so severely compromised that they would almost always have a repeating infection that makes them sicker and sicker.

The Western medicine developed for HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART… this can help reduce HIV but it won’t ever leave a body completely.

Hepatitis C:

Hepatitis C affects the liver. This can eventually lead to liver disease, which is very serious. There are many western medicines to take to alleviate the symptoms of Hepatitis C. It depends on the person to find the right medication for them, but it’s important to know that people with Hepatitis C can live normal lives with treatment.

Good luck with your homework!

– Ms. B